Dr. Wolfgang LUDWIG Lehrst. f. Mikrobiologie Technische

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Dr. Wolfgang LUDWIG Lehrst. f. Mikrobiologie Technische
Dr. Wolfgang LUDWIG
Lehrst. f. Mikrobiologie
Technische Universität München
Am Hochanger 4
D-80354 Freising
1. Ludwig, W., Stackebrandt, E. and Gross, H.J. (1980) An improved method for labelling and
sequencing T1-generated RNA fragments. In: Schwemmler, W. and Schenk, H.E.A. (eds.)
Endocytobiology and Cell Biology. Walter de Gruyter & Co, Berlin-New York, 1, 3
2. Stackebrandt, E., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Gross, H.J. (1981) Rapid cataloguing of
ribonuclease T1 resistant oligonucleotides from ribosomal RNAs for phylogenetic studies. J
Mol Evol 17, 227-236
3. Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Fox, G.E., Seewaldt, E. and Stackebrandt, E. (1981) A
phylogenetic analysis of staphlococci, Peptococcus saccharolyticus and Micrococcus
mucilaginosus. J Gen Microbiol 125, 357-366
4. Ludwig, W., Seewaldt, E., Schleifer, K.H. and Stackebrandt, E. (1981) The phylogenetic
status of Kurthia zopfii. FEMS Microbiol Lett 10, 193-197
5. Stackebrandt, E., Seewaldt, E., Ludwig, W. Schleifer, K.H. and Huser, B.A. (1982) The
phylogenetic position of Methanothrix soehngenii elucidated by a modified technique of
sequencing oligonucleotides from 16S rRNA. Zentralblatt fur Hygiene und Bakteriologie. I.
Abteilung Originale C3, 90-100
6. Stackebrandt, E. Ludwig, W., Seewaldt, E. and Schleifer, K.H. (1983) Phylogeny of sporeforming members of the order Actinomycetales. Int J Syst Bacteriol 33, 173-180
7. Stöcklein, L., Ludwig, W., Schleifer. K.H. and Stackebrandt, E. (1984) Comparative
oligonucleotide cataloguing of 18S ribosomal RNA in phylogenetic studies of Eukaryotes. In:
Symposium on the phylogeny of Eukaryotes. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 58-62
8. Ludwig, W. and Stackebrandt, E. (1983) A phylogenetic analysis of Legionella. Arch
Microbiol 135, 45-50
9. Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Reichenbach, H. and Stackebrandt, E. (1983) A phylogenetic
analysis of the myxobacteria Myxococcus fulvus, Stigmatella aurantiaca, Cystobacter fuscus
and Nannocystis exedens. Arch Microbiol 135, 58-62
10. Stackebrandt, E., Ludwig, W., Schubert, W., Klink, F., Schlesner, H., Roggetin, T. and
Hirsch, P. (1984) Molecular genetic evidence for early evolutionary origin of budding
peptidoglycan-less eubacteria. Nature 307, 735-737
11. Ludwig, W., Eberspacher, J., Lingens, F. and Stackebrandt, E. (1984) 16S ribosomal
studies on the relationship of a chloridazon-degrading Gram-negative eubacterium. System
Appl Microbiol 5, 241-146
12. Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Stackebrandt, E. (1984) 16S rRNA analysis of Listeria
monocytogenes and Brochothrix thermosphacta FEMS Microbiol Lett 25, 199-204
13. Fowler, V.J., Ludwig, W. and Stackebrandt, E. (1985) Ribosomal ribonucleic acid
cataloguing in bacterial systematics: the phylogeny of Actinomadura. In: Goodfellow, M.
and Minnikin, D.E. (eds.) Chemical methods in bacterial systematics. Academic Press,
London, pp. 17-40
14. Stackebrandt, E., Ludwig, W. and Fox, G.E. (1985) 16S ribosomal RNA oligonucleotide
cataloguing. In: Gottschalk, G. (ed.) Methods in Microbiology 18, 75-108
15. Paster, B.J., Ludwig, W., Weisburg, W.G., Stackebrandt, E., Hespell, R.B., Hahn, C.M.,
Reichenbach, H., Stetter, K.O. and Woese, C.R. (1985) A phylogenetic grouping of the
bacteroides, cytophagas and certain flavobacteria. System Appl Microbiol 6, 34-42
16. Woese, C.R., Weisburg, W.G., Hahn, C.M., Paster, B.J., Zablen, L.B., Lewis, B.J.,
Macke, T.J., Ludwig, W. and Stackebrandt, E. (1985) The phylogeny of purplebacteria: the
gamma subdivision. System Appl Microbiol 6, 25-33
17. Ludwig, W., Seewaldt, E., Kilpper-Baelz, R., Schleifer, K.H., Magrum, L., Woese, C.R., Fox,
G.E. and Stackebrandt, E. (1985) The phylogenetic position of Streptococcus and
Enterococcus . J Gen Microbiol 131, 543-551
18. Hennecke, H., Kaluza, K., Thony, B., Fuhrmann, M., Ludwig, W. and Stackebrandt, E. (1985)
Concurrent evolution of nitrogenase genes and 16S rRNA in Rhizobium species and
other nitrogen fixing bacteria. Arch Microbiol 142, 342- 348
19. Woese, C.R., Stackebrandt, E. and Ludwig, W. (1985) What are mycoplasmas: the
relationship of tempo and mode in bacterial evolution. J Mol Evol 21, 305-316
20. Woese,C.R., Debrunner-Vossbrinck, B.A., Oyaizu, H., Stackebrandt, E. and Ludwig, W.
(1985) Grampositive bacteria: possible photosynthetic ancestry. Science 229, 762-765
21. Schleifer, K.H., Ludwig, W., Kraus, J. and Festl, H. (1985) Cloned ribosomal ribonucleic
acid genes from Pseudomonas aeruginosa as probes for conserved deoxyribonucleic
acid sequences. Int J Syst Bacteriol 35, 231-236
22. Gibson, J., Ludwig, W., Stackebrandt, E. and Woese, C.R. (1985) The phylogeny of the
green photosynthetic bacteria: Lack of close relationship between Chlorobium and
Chloroflexus. System Appl Microbiol 6, 152-156
23. Kraus, J., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.H. (1986) A cloned 23S rRNA gene of Bacillus
subtilis and its use as a hybridization probe of conserved character. FEMS Microbiol Lett 33,
89-93
24. Reichenbach, H., Ludwig, W. and Stackebrandt, E. (1986) Lack of relationship between
gliding cyanobacteria and filamentous gliding heterotrophic eubacteria: comparison of 16S
rRNA catalogues of Spirulina, Vitreoscilla, Leucothrix and Herpetosiphon . Arch Microbiol 145,
391-395
25. Festl, H., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1986) DNA hybridization probe for the
Pseudomonas fluorescens group. Appl Environ Microbiol. 52, 1190-1194
26. Ludwig, W. and Stackebrandt, E. (1986) Zur Evolution der Photosynthese.
Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau 39, 352-353
27. Stackebrandt, E., Ludwig, W., Weizenegger, M., Dorn, S., McGill, T.J., Fox, G.E.,
Woese, C.R., Schubert, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1987) Comparative 16S rRNA
oligonucleotide analyses and murein types of round-spore-forming bacilli and non-sporeforming relatives. J Gen Microbiol 133, 2523-2529
28. Oyaizu, H., Stackebrandt, E., Schleifer, K.H., Ludwig, W., Pohla, H., Ito, H., Hirata, A.,
Oyaizu, Y. and Komagata, K. (1987) A radiation-resistant rod-shaped bacterium Deinobacter
grandis gen. nov., sp. nov., with peptidoglycan containing ornithine. Int J Syst Bacteriol 37,
62-67
29. Toschka, H.Y., Höpfl, P., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Ulbrich, N. and Erdmann, V.A.
(1987) Complete nucleotid sequence of a 23S ribosomal RNA gene from Pseudomonas
aeruginosa. Nucleic Acids Res 15, 7182
30. Amann, R., Sostak, P., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1988) Cloning and sequencing of
genes encoding the beta subunits of the ATP-synthases from Enterobacter aerogenes and
Flavobacterium ferrugineum. FEMS Microbiol Lett 50, 101-106
31. Ludwig, W., Weizenegger, M., Kilpper-Balz, R. and Schleifer, K.H. (1988) Phylogenetic
relationships of anaerobic streptococci. Int J Syst Bacteriol 38, 15-18
32. Schmidhuber, S., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1988) Construction of a DNA probe for the
specific identification of Streptococcus oralis. J Clin Microbiol 26, 1042-1044
33. Regensburger, A., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1988) DNA probes with different
specificities from a cloned 23S rRNAgene of Micrococcus luteus. J Gen Microbiol 134, 11971204
34. Höpfl, P., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1988) Complete nucleotide sequence of a 23S
ribosomal RNA gene from Rhodobacter capsulatus. Nucleic Acids Res 16, 2343
35. Regensburger, A., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1988) Complete nucleotide sequence of a
23S ribosomal RNA gene from Micrococcus luteus. Nucleic Acids Res 16, 2344
36. Spiegl, H., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Stackebrandt, E. (1988) Complete nucleotide
sequence of a 23S ribosomal RNA gene from Ruminobacter amylophilus. Nucleic Acids Res
16, 2345
37. Amann, R., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1988) -subunit of ATP-synthase: a useful marker
for studying the phylogenetic relationship of bacteria. J Gen Microbiol 134, 2815-2821
38. Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Laubinger, W., Dimroth, P. and Schleifer, K.H. Cloning and
sequencing of the gene encoding the beta subunit of the sodium ion translocating ATP
synthase of Propionigenium modestum FEMS Microbiol Lett 56, 253 -260
39. Höpfl, P., Ulbrich, N., Hartmann, N., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. Complete nucleotide
sequence of a 23S ribosomal RNA gene from Thermus thermophilus HB8. Nucleic Acids Res
18, 9043
40. Stackebrandt, E. and Ludwig, W. (1989) 16S ribosomal RNA cataloguing. In: Packer, L. and
Glazer, A.N. eds. Methods in Enzymology. Academic Press, San Diego. 167, 312-138
41. Schleifer, K.H. and Ludwig, W. (1989) Phylogenetic relationships among bacteria. In:
Fernholm, B., Bremer, K. and Jornwall, H. (eds.) The hierarchy of life. Elsevier Science
Publishers B.V. 103-117
42. Höpfl, P., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Larsen, N. (1989) the 23S ribosomal RNA higherorder structure of Pseudomonas cepacia and other prokaryotes. Eur J Biochem 185, 355-364
43. Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1989) Nucleotide sequence analysis of conserved genes from
bacteria. In: Opitz, O. (ed.) Conceptual and numerical analysis of data. Springer, Berlin. 489504
44. Bachleitner, M., Ludwig, W., Stetter, K.O., and Schleifer, K.H. (1989) Nucleotide sequence of
the gene coding for the elongation factor Tu from the extremly thermophilic eubacterium
Thermotoga maritima. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 48, 115-120
45. Ludwig, W., Weizenegger, M., Betzl, D., Leidel, E., Lenz, T., Ludvigsen, Möllenhoff, D.,
Wenzig, P. and Schleifer, K.H. (1990) Complete nucleotide sequence of seven eubacterial
genes coding for the elongation factor Tu: functional, structural and phylogenetic evaluations.
Arch Microbiol 153, 241-147
46. Schleifer, K.H., Leuteritz, M., Weiss, N., Ludwig, W., Kirchhof, G. and Seidel-Rüfer, H. (1990)
Taxonomic study of anaerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria from breweries: emended
description of Pectinatus cerevisiiphilus and description of Pectinatus frisingensis sp. nov.,
Selenomonas lacticifex sp. nov., Zymophilus raffinosivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., and
Zymophilus paucivorans sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 40,
47. Ludwig, W., Weizenegger, M., Dorn, S., Andresen, J. and Schleifer, K.H. The phylogenetic
position of Peptococcus niger based on 16S rRNA sequence studies. FEMS Microbiol Lett 71,
139-144
48. Betzl, D., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1990) Identification of lactococci and enterococci by
colony hybridization with 23S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Appl Env Microbiol 56,
2927 -2929
49. Ludwig, W., Kaim, G., Laubinger, W., Dimroth, P., Hoppe, J. and Schleifer, K.H. (1990)
Sequence of subunit c of the sodium ion translocating adenosine triphosphate synthase of
Propionigenium modestum Eur J Biochem 193, 395-399
50. Kaim, G., Ludwig, W., Dimroth, P. and Schleifer, K.H. (1990) Sequence of subunits a and b of
the sodium ion translocating adenosine triphosphate synthase of Propionigenium modestum
Nucleic Acids Res 18, 6697
51. Ludwig, W., Betzl, D. and Schleifer, K.H. (1990) Biologische Sicherheit gentechnisch
veränderter Mikroorganismen in der Lebens- und Futtermittelbiotechnologie. Entwicklung von
Nachweismethoden. In: Projektträger Biologie, Energie, Okologie Forschungszentrum Julich
GmbH (ed.) Biologische Sicherheit. 115-126
52. Ludwig, W., Wallner, G., Tesch, A. and Klink, F. (1991) A novel eubacterial phylum:
comparative nucleotide sequence analysis of a tuf-gene of Flexistipes sinusarabici. FEMS
Microbiol Lett 78, 139-144
53. Both, B., Kaim, G., Wolters, J., Schleifer, K.H., Stackebrandt, E. and Ludwig, W. (1991)
Propionigenium modestum: a separate line of descent within the eubacteria. FEMS Microbiol
Let 78, 53-58
54. Ludwig, W. (1991) DNA Sequencing in bacterial systematics. In: Stackebrandt, E. and
Goodfellow, M. (eds.). Nucleic acid techniques in bacterial systematics. Wiley & Sons. 69-94
55. Rössler, D., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Lin, C., McGill, T.J., Wisotzkey, J.D., Jurtshuk, P. and
Fox, G. (1991) Phylogenetic diversity in the genus Bacillus as seen by 16S rRNA sequencing
studies. System Appl Microbiol 14, 266-269
56. Hertel, C., Ludwig, W., Obst, M., Vogel, R., Hammes, W. and Schleifer, (1991) 23S rRNAtargeted oligonucleotide probes for the rapid identification of meat lactobacilli. System Appl
Microbiol 14, 173-177
57. Amann, R., Springer, N., Ludwig, W., Görtz, H.D. and Schleifer, K.H. (1991) Identification in
situ and phylogeny of uncultured bacterial endosymbionts. Nature 351, 161-164
58. Liebl, W., Ehrmann, M., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1991) Transfer of Brevibacterium
divaricatum DSM 20297T, "Brevibacterium flavum" DSM and DSM 1412, and
Corynebacterium lilium DSM 20137T to Corynebacterium glutamicum and their distinction by
rRNA gene restriction patterns. Int J Syst Bacteriol 41, 255-260
59. Köhler, G. Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1991) Differentiation of lactococci by rRNA gene
restriction analysis. FEMS Microbiol Lett 84, 307-312
60. Weizenegger, M., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1992) Phylogenetic studies by comparative
sequencing of evolutionary conserved macromolecules. In: Schader, M. (ed.) Analyzing and
modelling data and knowledge. Springer, Heidelberg, 327-334
61. Ludwig, W. (1992) Structure and phylogenetic information of large subunit ribosomal RNA. In:
Schader, M. (ed.) Analyzing and modelling data and knowledge. Springer, Heidelberg, 289299
62. Schleifer, K.H., Ludwig, W. and Amann, R. (1992) Einblick in eine verborgene Welt. In: TUM
Forschung fur Bayern, Technische Universität München, 3, 8-9
63. Ludwig. W., Kirchhof, G., Weizenegger, M., and Weiß, N. (1992) Phylogenetic evidence for the
transfer of Eubacterium suis to the genus Actinomyces as Actinomyces suis comb. nov. Int J
Syst Bacteriol 42, 161-165
64. Hajek, V., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Springer, N., Zitzelsberger, W., Kroppenstedt, R.M. and
Kocur, M. (1992) Staphylococcus muscae, a new species isolated from flies. Int J Syst
Bacteriol 42, 97-101
65. Schleifer, K.H., Schüler, D., Spring, S., Weizenegger, M., Amann, R., Ludwig, W. and Kohler,
M. (1992) The genus Magnetospirillum gen. nov. description of Magnetospirillum
gryphiswaldense and transfer of Aquaspirillum magnetotacticum to Magnetospirillum
magnetotacticum comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 14, 379-385
66. Weizenegger, M., Neumann, M., Stackebrandt, E., Weiss, N. and Ludwig, W. Eubacterium
alactolyticum phylogenetically groups with Eubacterium limosum, Acetobacterium woodii and
Clostridium barkeri. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 15, 32-36
67. Spring, S., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Petersen, N. Phylogeny and
identification of nonculturable magnetotactic bacteria. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 15, 116-122
68. Schleifer, K.H., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Rothemund, C., Springer, N. and Dorn, S. (1992)
Nucleic acid probes for the identification and in situ detection of pseudomonads. In: Galli, E.,
Silver, S. and Witholt, B. Pseudomonas: Molecular biology and biotechnology. ASM,
Washington, D.C. 127-134
69. Roller, C. Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1992) Gram-positive bacteria with a high DNA G+C
content are characterized by a common insertion within their 23S rRNA genes. J. Gen.
Microbiol. 1167-1175
70. Hahn, D., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Akkermans, A.D.L. and Schleifer, K.H. Detection of microorganisms in soil after in situ hybridization with rRNA-targeted, fluorescently labelled
oligonucleotides. J Gen Microbiol 138, 879-878
71. Schleifer, K.H., Ludwig, W. and Amann, R. (1992) Gensonden und ihre Anwendung in der
Mikrobiologie. Naturwissenschaften 79, 213-219
72. Kaim, G., Ludwig, W., Dimroth, P. and Schleifer, K.H. (1992) Cloning, sequencing and in vivo
expression of genes encoding the F0 part of the sodium-ion-dependent ATP synthase of
Propionigenium modestum in Escherichia coli. Eur J Biochem 207, 463-470
73. Amann, R. and Ludwig, W. (1992) Unbekanntem Leben auf der Spur. Stammesgeschichtliche
Einordnung und Identifizierung von nichtkultivierbaren Bakterien. Naturwissenschaftliche
Rundschau 45, 348-351
74. Hertel, C., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1992) Introduction of silent mutations in a
proteinase gene of Lactococcus lactis as a useful marker for monitoring studies. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 447-452
75. Klugbauer, N., Ludwig, W., Bäuerlein, E. and Schleifer, K.H. (1992) Subunit b of Adenosine
Triphosphate Synthase of Pectinatus frisingensis and Lactobacillus casei. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 15, 323-330
76. Ehrmann, M., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1992) Species specific oligonucleotide probe for
the identification of Streptococcus thermophilus Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 15, 453-455
77. Arfman, N., Dijkhuizen, L., Kirchhof, G., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Bulygnia, E.S.,
Chumakov, K.M., Govorukhina, N.I., Trotsento, Y.A., White, D. and Sharp, R.J. (1992) Bacillus
methanolicus sp. nov., a new species of thermotolerant methanol-utilizing endospore-formimg
bacteria. Int Syst Bacteriol 42, 439-445
78. Franzmann, P.D., Springer, N., Ludwig, W., De Macario, C. and Rohde, M. A methanogenic
bacterium from Ace Lake, Antarctica: Methanococcoides burtonii sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol.
15, 573-582
79. Springer, N., Ludwig, W., Drozanski, V., Amann, R. and Schleifer, K.H. The phylogenetic
status of Sarcobium lyticum, an obligate intracellular parasite of small amoebae. FEMS
Microbiol Lett 96, 199-202
80. Schleifer, K.H., Ludwig, W., Amann, R., Hertel, C., Ehrmann, M., Köhler, G. and Krause, A.
(1992) Phylogenetic relationships of lactic acid bacteria and their identification with nucleic acid
probes. In: Novel, G., and Le Querler, J.F. (eds.) Les bacteries lactiques. Actes du colloque
LACTIC 91. Centre du publications de l'universite de Caen. pp. 23-32
81. Ludwig, W., Kirchhof, G., Klugbauer, N., Weizenegger, M., Betzl, D., Ehrmann, M., Hertel,
C., Jilg, S., Tatzel, R., Zitzelsberger, H., Liebl, S., Hochberger, M., Lane, D., Wallnofer,
P.R., and Schleifer, K.H. (1992) Complete 23S Ribosomal RNA Sequences of Gram-positive
Bacteria with a Low DNA G+C Content. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 15, 487-501
82. Druel, B., Weizenegger, M., Ludwig, W., Freney, J., Schleifer, K.H. and Fleurette, J. (1992) A
16S rRNA targeted oligonucleotide probe for the differentiation of Staphylococcus
haemolyticus from S. warneri and S. hominis. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 15, 535-538
83. Eggen, R.I.L., Geerling, A.C.M., De Groot, P.W.J., Ludwig, W. and De Vos, W.M. (1992)
Methanogenic bacterium Go1: an acetoclastic methanogen that is closely related to
Methanosarcina frisia. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 15, 582 -587
84. Manz, W., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Wagner, M., Schleifer, K.H. (1992) Phylogenetic
oligonucleotide probes for the major subclasses of proteobacteria: problems and solutions.
Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 15, 593-601
85. Schleifer, K.H., Ludwig, W. and Amann, R.I. (1992) Ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequence
analysis and hybridization technology in the identification of microorganisms. Fresenius J Anal
Chem 343, 47
86. Dimroth, P. Laubinger, W., Kluge, C., Kaim, G., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1992) Sodium
translocating adenosintriphosphatase of Propionigenium modestum. Ann. N. Y. Acad.
Sciences 671, 310-323
87. Amann, R., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.H. (1993) Identification and in situ detection of
individual bacterial cells. FEMS Microbiol Lett 100, 45-50
88. Köhler, G., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.H. (1993) The application of polymerase chain
reaction for studying the phylogeny of bacteria. In: Rolfs, A., Schuller, I., Finckh, U., and
Weber-Rolfs, I (eds.). PCR: clinical diagnostics and research. Springer Verlag Heidelberg
89. Schleifer, K.H., Ludwig W. and Amann R. (1993) Nucleic acid probes. In: Goodfellow, M and
O. McDonnell (eds.) Handbook of New Bacterial Systematics, pp. 463-510, Academic Press,
London-New York
90. Ludwig, W., Mittenhuber, G., and Friedrich, C.G. (1993) Transfer of Thiosphaera pantotropha
to Paracoccus denitrificans. Int J Syst Bacteriol 43, 363-367
91. Love, C.A., Patel, B.K.C., Ludwig, W. and Stackebrandt, E. (1993) The phylogenetic position of
Dictyoglomus thermophilum based on 16S rRNA sequence analysis. FEMS Microbiol. Lett.
107, 317-320
92. Rabus, R., Nordhaus, R., Ludwig, W. and Widdel, F. (1993) Complete oxidation of toluene
under strictly anoxic conditions by a new sulfate-reducing bacterium. Appl. Env. Microbiol. 59,
1444-1451
93. Pot, B., Hertel, C., Ludwig, W., Descheemaeker, P., Kersters, K and Schleifer, K.H. (1993)
Identification and classification of Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. johnsonii and L. gasseri strains
by SDS-PAGE and rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probe hybridization. J. Gen. Microbiol. 139,
513-517
94. Ludwig, W. and Amann, R. The rRNA approach: reconstruction of bacterial phylogenies,
design and application of specific probes. Soils Newslett. 10-11
95. Spring, S., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., van Gemerden, H. and Petersen, N. (1993)
Dominating role of an unusual magnetotactic bacterium in the microaerophilic zone of a
freshwater sediment. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59, 2397-2403.
96. Nolling, J., Hahn, D., Ludwig, W., and de Vos, W. (1993) Sequence analysis of PCR-amplified
16S ribosomal RNA genes from thermophilic Methanobacterium strains and evidence for a
formate-utilizing ancestor of strains H and Marburg. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 16, 208-216
97. Van der Mer, J.R., Ludwig, W., and De Vos, W.M. (1993) Characterization of a ribosomal RNA
gene cluster from Clostridium tyrobutyricum: phylogenetic positioning based on the 16S and
23S nucleotide sequences. System. Appl. Microbiol. 16, 201-207
98. Aznar, R., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1993) Ribotyping and polymorphic DNA analysis of
Vibrio vulnificus biotypes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 16, 303-310
99. Evers, S., Weizenegger, M., Ludwig, W., Schink, B. and Schleifer, K.H. The phylogenetic
positions of Pelobacter acetylenicus and Pelobacter propionicus. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 16,
216-218
100.
Beimfohr, C., Krause, H., Amann, R., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1993) In situ
identification of lactococci, enterococci and streptococci. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 16, 450-456
101.
Hertel, C., Ludwig, W., Pot, B., Kersters, K., Schleifer, K.H. (1993) Differentiation of
lactobacilli occurring in fermented milk products by using oligonucleotide probes and
electrophoretic protein profiles. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 16, 463-467
102.
Springer, N., Ludwig, W. and Hardarson, G. (1993) A 23S rRNA targeted specific
hybridization probe for Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 16, 468-470
103.
Springer, N., Ludwig, W., Amann, R., Schmidt, H.J, Görtz, H.D. and Schleifer, K.H.
(1993) Occurrence of fragmented 16S rRNA in an obligate bacterial endosymbiont of
Paramecium caudatum. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 90, 9892-9895
104.
Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Manz, W., Spring, S., Springer, N., Wagner, M. and Schleifer,
K.H. (1993) In situ identification of nonculturable bacteria with rRNA-targeted nucleic acid
probes. In: Guerrero, R. and Pedros-Alio, c. (eds.) Spanish Society for Microbiology,
Barcelona, Spain
105.
Harmsen, H.J.M., Wullings, B., Akkermans, A.D.L., Ludwig, W. and A.J.M. Stams
(1993) Phylogenetic analysis of Syntrophobacter wolinii reveals a relationship with sulfatereducing bactria. Arch. microbiol. 160, 238-240
106.
Rossello-Mora, R.A., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1993) Zoogloea ramigera: A
phylogenetically diverse species. FEMS Microbiol. Let. 114, 129-134
107.
Ludwig, W., J. Neumaier, J., Klugbauer, N., Brockmann, E., Roller C., Jilg, S., Reetz,
K., Schachtner, I., Ludvigsen A., Bachleitner, M., Fischer U. and Schleifer, K.H. (1993)
Phylogenetic relationships of bacteria based on comparative sequence analysis of elongation
factor Tu and ATP-synthase b-subunit genes. Ant. Leeuwenh. 64, 285-305
108.
Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1994) Bacterial phylogeny based on 16S and 23S
rRNA sequence analysis. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 15, 155-173
109.
Aznar, R., Ludwig, W., Amann, R.I. and Schleifer, K.H. (1994) Sequence determination
of rRNA genes of pathogenic Vibrio species and whole cell identification of Vibrio vulnificus
with rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 44, 330-337
110.
Vogel, R.F., Bocker, G., Stolz, P., Ehrmann, M., Fanta, D., Ludwig, W., Pot, B.,
Kersters, K., Schleifer, K.H. and Hammes, P. (1994) Identification of lactobacilli from
sourdough and description of Lactobacillus pontis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 44, 223-229
111.
Ehrmann M. Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1994) Reverse dot blot hybridization: a
useful method for the direct identification of lactic acid bacteria in fermented food. FEMS
Microbiol. Letters 117, 143-150
112.
Trebesius, K.H., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Muhlegger, K., and Schleifer, (1994)
Identification of whole fixed bacterial cells with nonradioactive 23S rRNA-targeted
polynucleotide probes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60, 3228-3235
113.
Ludwig, W., Dorn, S., Springer, N., Kirchhof, G. and Schleifer, K.H. (1994) PCR-based
preparation of 23S rRNA-targeted group-specific polynucleltide probes. Appl. Environ.
Microbiol. 60, 3236-3244
114.
Amann, R., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1994) Identification of uncultured bacteria:
a challenging task for molecular taxonomists. ASM News 60, 360-365
115.
Tatzel, R., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Wallnöfer, P.R. (1994) Identification of
Bacillus licheniformis by colony hybridization with 23S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes.
System. Appl. Microbiol. 17, 99-103
116.
Stackebrandt, E. and Ludwig, W. (1994) The importance of using outgroup reference
organisms in phylogenetic studies: the Atopobium case. System. Appl. Microbiol. 17, 39-43
117.
Amann, R., Zarda, B., Trebesius, K.H., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1994) Rapid
identification and in situ detection of microorganisms using fluorescent rRNA-targeted
oligonucleotides. pp. 237-244. In: Rapid methods and automation in microbiology and
immunology. (R.C. Spencer, E.P. Wright and S.W.B. Newsom, eds.) Intercept Ltd., Andover,
UK.
118.
Pot, B., Ludwig, W., Kersters, K. and Schleifer, K.H. (1994) Taxonomy of lactic acid
bacteria. pp. 13-90. In: Bacteriocins of lactic acid bacteria. Microbiology, genetics and
applications. (L. de Vuyst and E.J. Vandamme, eds.) Blackie Academic & Professional,
London, Glasgow, New York, Tokyo, Melbourne, Madras.
119.
Berchtold, M., Ludwig, W. and Konig, H. (1994) 16S rDNA sequence and phylogenetic
position of an uncultivated spirochete from the hindgut of the termite Mastotermes darwiniensis
Froggatt. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 269-274
120.
Roller, C., Wagner, M., Amann, R., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1994) In situ
probing of gram-positive bacteria with high DNA G+C content using 23S rRNA-targeted
oligonucleotides. Microbiology 140, 2849-2858.
121.
Hertel, C., Ehrmann, M., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1994) Biologische Sicherheit
gentechnisch verandertert Mikroorganismen in der Lebens- und Futtermittelbiotechnologie.
Entwicklung von Nachweismethoden. In: Projekttrager Biologie, Energie, Ökologie (ed.)
Biologische Sicherheit 3.
122.
Sievers, M., Ludwig, W. and Teuber, M. (1994) Phylogenetic positioning of
Acetobcater, Gluconobacter, Rhodopila and Acidiphilium species as a branch of acidophilic
bacteria in the a-subclass of Proteobacteria based on 16S ribosomal DNA sequences.
System. Appl. Microbiol. 17, 189-196.
123.
Ludwig, W. and Amann, R. (1994) Design and application of rRNA-targeted specific
hybridization probes. Soils Newsletter 17, 16-17.
124.
Husmann, M., Gries, C., Jehnichen, P., Woelfel, T., Gerken, G., Ludwig, and Bhakdi,
S. (1994) Helicobacter sp. strain Mainz isolated from an AIDS patient with septic arthritis: case
report and nonradioactive analysis of 16S rRNA sequence. J. Clin. Microbiol. 32, 3037-3039
125.
Schleifer, K.H. and Ludwig, W. (1994) Molecular taxonomy: classification and
identification. pp. 1-16 In : Priest, F.G., Ramos-Cormenzana, A. and Tindall, B. (eds.) Bacterial
Diversity and Systematics, Plenum, London.
126.
Amann. R. and Ludwig, W. (1994) Typing in situ with probes. pp. 115-135 In : Priest,
F.G., Ramos-Cormenzana, A. and Tindall, B. (eds.) Bacterial Diversity and Systematics,
Plenum, London.
127.
Spring, S., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Schuler, D., Poralla, K., and
Petersen, N. (1994) Phylogenetic Analysis of uncultured magnetotactic bacteria from the
alpha-subclass of Proteobacteria. System. Appl. Microbiol. 17, 501-508.
128.
Rossello-Mora, R.A., Caccavo Jr., F., Osterlehner, K., Springer, N., Spring, S.,
Schuler, D., Ludwig, W., Amann, R., Vanncanneyt, M. and Schleifer, K.H. (1994) Isolation and
taxonomic characterization of a halotolerant, facultatively iron-reducing bacterium. System.
Appl. Microbiol. 17, 569-574.
129.
Snel, J., Blok, H.J., Kengen, H.M.P., Ludwig, WE., Poelma, F.G.J., Koopman, J.P. and
Akkermans, A.D.L. (1994) Phylogenetic characterization of Clostridium related segmented
filamentous bacteria in mice based on 16S ribosomal RNA analysis. System. Appl. Microbiol.
17, 172-179
130.
Reetz, K., Neef. A., Ludwig, W. and Amann, R. (1994) Nachweis von gentechnisch
veranderten Mikroorganismen mittels Nukleinsaurehybridisierungssonden. In: (Bayerisches
Landesamt für Umweltschutz, ed.) Aktueller Stand der gentechnischen Sicherheitsforschung in
Bayern.
131.
Schleifer, K.H. and W. Ludwig (1995) Phylogenetic relationships of lactic acid bacteria.
pp. 5-18. In:B.J.B. Wood and W. Holzapfel. (eds.) The Lactic Acid Bacteria Vol. II The Genera
of Lactic Acid Bacteria. Blackie Academic & Professional, London
132.
Amann, R., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1995) Phylogentic identification and in situ
detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation. Microbiol. Rev. 59, 143-169
133.
Wallrabenstein, C., Gorny, N., Springer, N., Ludwig, W., and Schink, B. (1995) Pure
culture of Syntrophus buswellii, definition of its phylogenetic status, and description of
Syntrophus gentianae sp. nov. Syst Appl. Microbiol. 18, 62-66
134.
Janssen, P.H., Ewers, S., Ludwig, W., Rainey, F.A., Harfoot, C.G., and Schink, B.
(1995) Lactosphaera gen. nov., a new genus of lacyic acid bacteria, and transfer of
Ruminococcus pasteurii Schink 1984 to Lactosphaera pasteurii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst.
Bacteriol. 45, 565-571
135.
Sievers, M., Ludwig, W. and Teuber, M. (1995) Revival of the species Acetobacter
methanolicus (ex Uhlig et al. 1986) nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 17, 352-354
136.
Ludwig, W., Rossello-Mora, R., Aznar, R., Klugbauer, S., Spring, S., Reetz, K.,
Beimfohr, C., Brockmann, E., Kirchhof, G., Dorn, S., Bachleitner, M., Klugbauer, N., Springer,
N., Lane, D., Nietupsky, R., Weizenegger, M., Schleifer, K.H. (1995) Comparative analysis of
23S rRNA from Proteobacteria. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 18, 164-188
137.
Rossello-Mora, R., Ludwig, W., Kampfer, P., Amann, R., Schleifer, K.H. (1995)
Ferrimonas balearica gen. nov., spec. nov, a new marine facultative Fe(III)-reducing
bacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 18, 196-202
138.
Peinemann-Simon, S. Ludwig, W., Vogt, B., Gottschalk, G. (1995) Taxonomic analysis
of the thermophilic bacterium strain SP83 producing H2 from starch at 75C. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 18, 231-236
139.
Ehrich, S., Behrens, D., Lebedeva, H., Ludwig, W., Bock, E. (1995) A new obligately
chemolithoautotrophic, nitrite-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrospira moscoviensis sp.nov. and its
phylogenetic relationship. Arch. Microbiol. 164, 16-23
140.
Ludwig, W. (1995) Sequence databases. In: Molecular microbial ecology manual.
(Akkermans, A.D.L., van Elsas, J.D., de Bruijn, F.J. eds.), 3.3.5, 1-22, Kluwer Academic
Publishers, Dordrecht.
141.
Swidsinski, S., Ludwig, W., Pahlig, H. and Priem, F. (1995) Moleculargenetic evidence
of bacterial colonization of colesterol gallstones. Gastroenterology 108, 860-864
142.
Sievers, M., Gaberthuel, C., Boesch, C., Ludwig, W., Teuber, M. (1995) Phylogenetic
position of Gluconobacter species as a coherent cluster separated from all Acetobacter
species on the basis of 16S ribosomal RNA sequences. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 126, 123-126
143.
Anders, H.J., Kaetzke, A., Kampfer, P., Ludwig, W. and Fuchs, G. (1995) Taxonomic
position of aromatic-degrading denitrifying pseudomonad strains K172 and KB 140 and their
description as new members of the genera Thauera as Thauera aromatica sp. nov., and
Azoarcus, as Azoarcus evansi sp. nov., respectively, members of the beta subclass of the
Proteobacteria. Int J. Syst. Bacteriol. 45, 327-333
144.
Hartmann, A., Baldani, J.I., Kirchhof, G., Amus, B., Hutzler, P., Springer, N., Ludwig,
W., Bakdani, V.L.D. and Dobereiner, J. (1995) Taxonomic and ecoligic studies of diazotrophic
rhizospere bacteria using phylogenetic probes. In: (Fendrik, I., ed.) Azospirillum VI and related
organisms. pp 415-427. NATO ASI Series, Vol. G 37. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg
145.
Beimborn, D., Biliotewski, U., Fischer, J., Flemming, H.C., Hansen, P.D., Herbert, A.,
Hock, B., Kanne, R., Ludwig, W., Obst, U., Reinharth, G., Renneberg, R., Scholz-Muramatsu,
H. adn Weßler, H. (1995) Biochemische Vrefahren für die Beurteilung des biologischen
Gewässerzustands. Positionspapier des Arbeitskreises „Biochemische Arbeitsmethoden“ im
Hauptausschuß III „Naturwissenschaftliche Grundlagen“ der Fachgruppe
Wasserchemie/GDCh. ISBN 3-924763-50-X
146.
Hartmann, A., Kirchhof, G., Schloter, M., Amus, B., Molter, K., Ruth, B. and Ludwig, W.
(1996) Moglichkeiten und Grenzen beim Erfassen von Mikrobenpopulationen im Boden. In:
(Bartsch, D. and Haag, C., eds.) Langzeitmonitoring von Umwelteffekten transgener
Organismen. Texte 58/96 Umweltbundesamt, 91-98
147.
Springer, N., Amann, R. and Ludwig, W. (1996) The design and application of
ribosomal RNA-targeted, fluorescent oligonucleotide probes for the identification of
endosymbionts in protozoa. In: J.P. Clapp (ed.) Species diagnostics protocols: PCR and other
nucleic acid methods. Methods in molecular biology 50, 133-144 Humana Press Inc., Totowa
NY, USA.
148.
Schubert, K., Ludwig, W., Springer, N., Kroppenstedt, R.M., Accolas, and Fiedler, F.
(1996) Two coryneforms isolated from the surface of French Gruyere and beaufort cheeses
are new species of the genus Brachybacterium: Brachybacterium alimentarium sp. nov. and
Brachybacterium tyrofermentans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 46, 81-87
149.
Schleifer, K.H., Ehrmann, M., Beimfohr, C., Brockmann, E., Ludwig, W. and Amann, R.
(1996) Aplication of molecular methods for the classification and identification of lactic acid
bacteria. Int. Dairy J. 1081-1094
150.
Schleifer, K.H. and Ludwig, W., (1996) Phylogeny of the genus Lactobacillus and
related genera. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 18, 461-467
151.
Brockmann, E., Jacobsen, B.L., Hertel, C., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, (1996)
Monitoring of genetically modified Lactococcus lactis in germ-free and conventional rats by
using antibiotic resisitance markers and specific probe or primer based methods. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 19, 203-212
152.
Spring, S., Ludwig, W., Marquez, M.C., Ventosa, A. and Schleifer, K.H. The genus
Halobacillus gen. nov.: Description of Halobacillus litoralis sp. nov., Halobacillus trueperi sp.
nov. and transfer of Sporosarcina halophila to Halobacillus halophilus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst.
Bacteriol. 46, 492-496
153.
Caccavo, Jr., F., Rossello-Mora R.A., Coates, J.D., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Lovley,
D.R. and McInerney, J. (1996) Geovibrio ferrireducens, a phylogenetically distinct dissimilatory
Fe(III)-reducing bacterium. Arch. Microbiol. 165, 370-376
154.
Ludwig, W., Brockmann, E., Beimfohr, C., Hertel, C., Jacobsen, B. and Schleifer, K.H.
(1996) Nucleic acid based detection systems for genetically modified bacteria. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 18, 477-485
155.
Springer, N., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Schnmidt, H. (1996)
Polynucleobacter necessarius, an obligate bacterial endosymbiont of the hypotrichous ciliate
Euplotes aediculatus, is a member of the b-subclass of proteobacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett.
135, 333-336
156.
Manz, W., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Vancanneyt, M. and Schleifer, K.H. (1996)
Application of a suite of 16S rRNA-specific oligonucleotide probes designed to investigate
bacteria of the phylum Cytophaga-Flavobacter-Bacteroides in the natural environment.
Microbiology 142, 1097-1106
157.
Saweljew, P., Kunkel, J., Feddersen, A., Baumert, M., Baehr, J., Ludwig, , Bhakdi, S.,
and Husmann, M. (1996) Case of fatal systemic infection with an Aureobacterium sp.:
Identification of isolate by 16S rRNA gene analysis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 34, 1540-1541
158.
Amann, R., Snaidr, J., Wagner, M., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1996) In situ
visualization of high genetic diversisty in a natural microbial community. J. Bacteriol. 178,
3496-3500
159.
Back, W., Bohak, I., Ehrmann, M., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.H. (1996) Revival of
the species Lactobacillus lindneri and the design of a species specific oligonucleotide probe.
Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 19, 322-325
160.
Lange, M., Simon, N., Guillou, L., Vaulot, D., Amann, R., Ludwig, W. and Medlin, L.K.
Identification of the class Prymnesiophyceae and the genus Phaeocystis with ribosomal RNAtargeted nucleic acid probes. J. Phycol. 858-868
161.
Sklodowska, A., Matlakowska, R., and Ludwig, W. (1996) Unusual bacterial strain
closely related to Bacillus insolitus. Acta Microbiol. Polonica 131-141
162.
Spring, S., Kämpfer, P., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.H. (1996) Polyphasic
characterization of the genus Leptothrix: New descriptions of Leptothrix mobilis sp. nov. and
Leptothrix discophora sp. nov. nom. rev. and emended description of Leptothrix cholodnii
emend. Syst. Appl. Microbiol 19, 634-643
163.
Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Schulze, R., Spring, S., Moore, E., and Schleifer, K.H. (1996)
rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes for the identfication of genuine and former
pseudomonads. Syst. Appl. Microbiol.19, 501-509
164.
Kersters, K., Ludwig, W., Vancanneyt, M., DeVos, P. Gilis, M., and Schleifer, K.H.
(1996) Recent changes in the classification of the pseudomonads: an overview. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 19, 465-476
165.
Nübel, U., Engelen, B., Felske, A., Snaidr, J., Wieshuber, A., Amann, , Ludwig, W.,
and Backhaus, H. (1996) Sequence heterogeneities of genesencoding 16S rRNAs in
Paenibacillus polymyxa detcted by temperature gradient gel electrophoresis. J. Bacteriol. 178,
5636-5643
166.
Amann, R., Springer, N., Schönhuber, W., Ludwig, W., Schmid, E.N., Müller, K.D., and
Michel, R. (1996) Obligate intracellular bacterial pararsites of acanthamoebae related to
Chlamydia spp. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63, 115-121
167.
Frahm, E., Hoffmann, S., Koob, C., Meier, H., Ludwig, W., Amann, R., Schleifer, K.H.
and Obst, U. (1996) Development of a method for the detection of fecal streptococci in water
samples based on specific nucleic acid probes. Proceedings 1996 water quality technology
conference. American Water Works Association, Denver
168.
Friedrich, M., Springer, N., Ludwiog, W. and Schink, B. (1996) Phylogenetic positions
of Desulfofustis glycolicus gen. nov., sp. nov., and Syntrophobotulus glycolicus gen. nov., sp.
nov., two new strict anaerobes growing with glycolic acid. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 46, 1065-1069
169.
Schmid, A., Rothe, B., Altenbuchner, J., Ludwig, W., Engesser, K.H. (1996)
Characterization of three distinct extradiol dioxygenases involved in the mineralization of
dibenzofuran by Terrabacter sp. strain DPO360. J. Bacteriol. 179,
170.
Ludwig, W. and Strunk, O. (1996) ARB: a software environment for sequence data.
http://www.mikro.biologie.tu-muenchen.de/pub/ARB/documentation/arb.ps
171.
Knabel, S., Tatzel, R., Ludwig, W. and Wallnofer, P.R. (1997) Identification of
Clostridium butyricum. Clostridium sporogenes and Clostridium tyrobutyricum by hybridization
with 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 20, 85-88
172.
Snaidr, J., Amann, R., Huber, I., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1997) Phylogenetic
analysis and in situ identification of bacteria in activated sludge. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63,
2884-2896
173.
Beimfohr C., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1997) Rapid genotypic differentiation of
Lactococcus lactis subspecies and biovar. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 20, 216-221
174.
Meile, L., Ludiwg, W., Rueger, U., Gut, C., Kaufmann, P., Dasen, G., Wenger, S. and
Teuber, M. (1997) Bifidobacterium lactis sp. nov., a moderately oxygen tolerant species
isolated from fermented milk. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 20, 57-64
175.
Kosse, D., Seiler, H, Amann, R., Ludwig, W. and Scherer, S. (1997) Identification of
Yoghurt-spoiling yeasts with 18S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol.
20, 468-480
176.
Ludwig, W. Bauer, S., Bauer, M., Held, I., Kirchhof, G., Schulze, R., Huber, I., Spring,
S., Hartmann, A. and Schleifer, K.H. (1997) Detection and in situ identification of
representatives of a widely distributed new bacterial phylum. FEMS Microbiol.Lett. 153, 181190
177.
Meier, H., Koob, C., Ludwig, W., Amann, R., Frahm, E., Hoffmann, S., Obst, U. and
Schleifer, K.H. (1997) Detection of enterococci with rRNA targeted DNA probes and their use
for hygienic drinking water control. Water Science and Technology 36, 437-444
178.
Jacobsen, B.L., Brockmann, E., Hertel, C., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, (1997)
Monitoring of gene transfer from genetically marked Lactococcus lactis in the gastrointestinal
tract of gnotobiotic and conventional rats. In: Proceedings International Symposium on
Gnotobiology 1996, Honolulu, in press
179.
Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1996) Molecular techniques for the identification of
lactic acid bacteria. LAB95, Cork, in press.
180.
Amann, R., Springer, N., Schönhuber, W., Ludwig, W., Schmid, E.N., Müller, K.D.,
Michel, R. (1997) Coccoid obligate intracellular parasites of acanthamoebae are distantly
related to the genus Chlamydia. Endocytobiosis & Cell. Res. 12, 99-101
181.
Gallus, C., Gorny, N., Ludwig, W. and Schink, B. (1997) Anaerobic degradation of aresorcylate by a nitrate-reducing bacterium, Thauera aromatica strain AR-1. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 20, 540-544.
182.
Couto, J.A., Pot, B., Ehrmann, M., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Kertsers, K. and Hogg,
T. (1997) Isolation and identification of lactic acid bacteria from vine with the description of
Lactobacillus hilgardii subsp. duroensis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. Submitted
183.
Wittke, R., Ludwig, W., Pfeiffer, S., Kleiner, D. (1997) Isolation and characterization of
Burkholderia norimbergensis sp. nov., a mildly alkaliphilic sulfur oxidizer. Syst. Appl. Microbiol.
20, 549-553.
184.
Holliger, C., Hahn, D., Harmsen, H., Ludwig, W., Schumacher, W., Tindall, B.,
Vazquez, F., Weiss, N. and Zehnder, A.J.B. (1997) Dehalobacter restrictus gen. nov. and sp.
nov., a strictly anaerobic bacterium that reductively dechlorinates tetra- and trichlorethene in an
anaerobic respiration. Arch. Microbiol. 169, 313-321.
185.
Spring, S., U. Lins, R. Amann, W. Ludwig, K.H. Schleifer, L.C.S. Ferreira, D.M.S.
Esquivel and M. Farina (1998) Phylogenetic affiliation and ultrastructure of uncultured
magnetotactic bacteria. Arch. Microbiol. 169: 136 – 147.
186.
Roth, A., Fischer, M., Hamid, M.E., Michalke, S., Ludwig, W. and Mauch, (1998)
Differentiation of phylogenetically related slowly growing mycobacteria based on 16S-23S
rDNA internal transcribed spacer sequences. J. Clin. Microbiol. 36, 139-147.
187.
Tsakalidou, E., Zoidou, E., Pot, B., Wassill, L., Ludwig, W., Devriese, L.A.,
Kalantzopulos, G., Schleifer, K.H. and Kersters, K. (1998) Identifikation of streptococci from
greek kasseri cheese and description of Streptococcus macedonicus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst.
Bacteriol. 48, 519-527
188.
Ludwig, W., Strunk, O., Klugbauer, S., Klugbauer, N., Weizenegger, M., Neumaier, J.,
Bachleitner, M., Schleifer, K.H. (1998) Bacterial phylogeny based on comparative sequence
analysis. Electrophoresis 19, 554-568
189.
Kloos, W.E., Ballard, D., George, C.G., Webster, J.A., Hubner, R.J., Ludwig, W.,
Schleifer, K.H., Fiedler, F., Schubert, K. (1998) Delimiting the genus Staphylococcus through
description of Macrococcus caseolyticus gen. nov., comb. nov. and the new species
Macrococcus equipercicus sp. nov., Macrococcus bovicus sp. nov., and Macrococcus
carouselicus sp. nov. In J. Syst. Microbiol. 48, 859-877.
190.
Springer, N., Ludwig, W., Philipp, B. and Schink, B. (1998) Azoarcus anaerobius sp.
nov., a resorcinol degrading, strictly anaerobic, denitrifying bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
48, 953-956
191.
Probst, A.J., Hertel, C., Richter, L., Wassill, L., Ludwig, W. and Hammes, W.P. (1998)
Staphylococcus condimenti sp. nov., from soy sauce mash, and Staphylococcus carnosus
(Schleifer and Fischer 1982) subsp. utilis subsp. nov. Int. J. Sst. Bacteriol. 48, 651-658.
192.
Grimm, D., Merkert, H., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Hacker, J. and Brand B. (1998)
Specific detection of Legionella pneumophila: construction of a new 16S rRNA-targeted
oligonucleotide probe. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64, 2682-2690
193.
Wassill, L., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.H. (1998) Development of a modified
subtraction hybridization technique and design of strain specific PCR systems for lactococci.
FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 166, 63-70.
194.
Hirsch, P., Ludwig, W., Hethke, C., Sittig, M., Hoffmann, B., and Gallikowski, C.A.
(1998) Hymenobacter roseosalivarius gen. nov., sp. nov. from continental antarctic souils and
sandstone: bacteria of the Cytophaga/Flavobacterium/Bacteroides line of phylogenetic
descent. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 21, 374-383.
195.
Kolb, S., Seeliger, S., Springer, N., Ludwig, W. and Schink, B. (1998) The fermenting
bacterium Malonomonas rubra is phylogenteically related to sulfur reducing bacteria and
contains a c-type cytochrome similar to those of sulfur and sulfate reducers. Syst. appl.
microbiol. 21, 340-345.
196.
Fuchs, B.M., Wallner, G., Beisker, W., Schwippl, I., Ludwig, W. and Amann, R. (1998)
Flow cytometric analysis of the in situ accessibility of Escherichia coli 16S rRNA for
fluzorescently labeled oligonucleotide probes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64, 4973-4982.
197.
Vandamme, P., Vancanneyt, M., Segers, P., Ryll, M., Köhler, B., Ludwig, W. and Hinz,
K.H. (1998) Coenonia anatina gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel bacterium associated with
respiratory disease in ducks and geese. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
198.
Frahm, E., Heiber, I., Hoffmann, S., Koob, C., Meier, H., Ludwig, W., Amann, R.,
Schleifer, K.H. and Obst, U. (1998) Application of 23S rDNA oligonucleotide probes for
enterococci in water hygiene control. Syst. Apl. Microbiol. 21, 450-453.
199.
Stoffels, M., Amann, R., Hekmat, D. and Schleifer, K.H. (1998) Bacterial community
dynamics during startup of a trickle-bed bioreactor degrading aromatic compounds. Appl.
Environ. Microbiol. 64, 930-939.
200.
Bohak, I., Back, W., Richter, L., Ehrmann, M., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1998)
Lactobacillus amylolyticus sp. nov., isolated from beer malt and beer wort. 21, 360-364.
201.
Meier, H., Koob, C., Ludwig, W., Amann, R., Frahm, E. and Schleifer, K.H. (1998)
Nachweis von Enterokokken mit fluoreszierenden rRNS-gerichteten Sonde zur hygienischen
Trinkwassserkontrolle. In: (Bayerisches Landesamt für Wasserwirtschaft – Institut für
Wasserforschung, ed.) Neueste Entwicklungen in der in situ-Charakterisierung mikrobieller
Biozönosen in Abwasser, Oberflächengewässern, Gruind- und Trinkwasser. pp. 175-200.
Oldenbourg Verlag, München.
202.
Ernst, D., Rosensbrock, H., Hartmann, A., Kirchhof, G., Bauer, S., Ludwig, W.,
Schleifer, K.H., Sandermann, H. and Fischbeck, G. (1998) Sichrheitsforschung zu
Freisezungsversuchen in Roggenstein (Bayern). Bundesgesundheitsblatt 12, 523-530.
203.
Ludwig, W., Amann, R., Martinez-Romero, E., Schönhuber, W., Bauer, S., Neef, A.
and Schleifer, K.H. (1998) rRNA based identification systems for rhizobia and other bacteria.
Plant and Soil, 204, 1-9
204.
Ludwig, W., Amann, R., Martinez-Romero, E., Schönhuber, W., Bauer, S., Neef, A.
and Schleifer, K.H. (1998) rRNA based identification systems for rhizobia and other bacteria.
In: G. Hardarson, W. Broughton (eds.) Molecular microbial ecology of the soil. p.p. 1-20
205.
Sievers, M., Schlegel, H.G., Caballero-Mellado, J., Dobereiner, J. and Ludwig, W.
(1998) Phylogenetic identification of two major nitrogen-fixing bacteria associated with
sugarcane. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 21,505-508
206.
Schönhuber, W., Zarda, B., Stella, E., Rippka, R., Herdman, M., Ludwig, W. and
Amann, R. (1999) In situ identification of cyanobacteria with horseradish peroxidase-labeled,
rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 1259-1267.
207.
Schulze, R., Spring, S., Amann, R., Huber, I., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and
Kämpfer, P. (1999) Genotypic diversity of Acidovorax strains isolated from activated sludge
and description of Acidovorax defluvii sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 22, 205-214.
208.
Meier, H., Amann, R., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1999) Specific oligonucleotide
probes for in situ detection of a major group of gram-positive bateria with a low DNA G+C
content. Syst. Apppl. Microbiol. 22, 186-196.
209.
Back, W., Bohak, I., Ehrmann; M., Ludwig, W., Pot, B., Kersters, K. and Schleifer, K.H.
(1999) Lactobacillus perolens sp. nov., a soft drink spoilage bacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol.
22, 354-359.
210.
Ludwig, W., Strunk, O. and Schleifer, K.H. (1999) rRNA based phylogeny and
identification. The impacts on bacterial taxonomy. In: Highlights of nitrogen fixation research.
(Martinez, E. and Hernandez, G. eds.) pp.263-266. Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers,
New York, Boston, Dodrecht, London, Moscow.
211.
Ludwig, W. (1999) The role of rRNA as a phylogentic marker in the context of
genomics. USFCC Newsletter 29,1-6.
212.
Eder, W., Ludwig, W. and Huber, R. (1999) Novel 16S rRNA gene sequences
retrieved from highly saline brine sediments of Kebrit Deep, Red Sea. Arch. Microbiol. 172,
213-218.
213.
Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1999) Phylogeny of Bacteria beyond the 16S rRNA
standard. ASM News 65, 752-757.
214.
Schleifer , K.H. and Ludwig, W. (1999) Phylogeny of Bacteria. In: Evolution and
Infection. (Göbel, U.B. and Ruf, B.R. eds.) Einhorn-Presse Verlag, Reinbeck.
215.
Stoffels, M., Ludwig,W. and Schleifer, K.H. (1999) rRNA probe-based cell fishing of
bacteria. Environ. Microbiol. 1, 259-271
216.
Heising, S., Richter, L., Ludwig, W. and Schink, B. (1999) Chlorobium ferrooxidans sp
nov., a phototrophic green sulfur bacterium that oxidizes ferrous iron in coculture with a
"Geospirillum" sp. Strain. Arch. Microbiol. 172, 116-124
217.
Küper, R., W. Ludwig and K.H. Schleifer. Phylogenetische Untersuchung an bisher
nicht kultivierten Archaea aus gemäßigten Habitaten unter Anwendung eines exklusiven PCRVerfahrens In: BMBF-Workshop Biomonitor, Molekulare Mikrobenökologie (Hrsg.:A.
Hartmann, G. Broll), S. 83 – 94, BMBF 2000
218.
Strackebrandt, E., Tindall, B., Ludwig, W. and Goodfellow, M. (1999) Prokaryotic
diversity and systematics. In: J.W. Lengeler, G. Dews, H.G. Schlegel (eds.) Biology of the
Porkaryotes. pp. 675-722
219.
Macian, M.C., W. Ludwig, K.H. Schleifer, E. Garay and M.J. Pujalte (2000) Vibrio
pelagius: differences of the type strain deposited at various culture collections. Syst.
Appl.Microbiol. 23, 373 – 375.
220.
Mathies, C., Evers, S., Ludwig, W. and Schink, B. (2000) Anaerovorax odorimutans
gen. nov., sp. nov., a putrescine-fermenting, strictly anaerobic bactrium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Biol..
50, 1591-1594
221.
Mathies, C., Springer, N. Ludwig, W. and Schink, B. (2000) Pelospora glutarica gen.
nov., a glutarate-fermenting, strictly anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol.
Biol.. 50, 645-648
222.
Amann, R. and Ludwig, W. (2000) Ribosomal RNA-targeted nucleic acid probes for
studies in microbial ecology. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 24, 555-565
223.
Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (2000) How quantitative is quantitative PCR with
respect to cell counts? Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 23, 556-562
224.
Behr, T., Koob, C., Schedl, M., Mehlen, A., Meier, H., Knopp, D., Frahm, E., Obst, U.,
Schleifer, K.H., Niessner, R. and Ludwig, W. (2000) A nested array or rRNA targeted probes
for the detection and idetnification of enterococci by reverse hybridization. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 23, 563-572
225.
Schedl, M., Behr, T., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Niessner, R. and Knopp, D. (2000)
Optimization of reverse hybridization with rRNA targeted oligonucleotide probes. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 23, 573-581
226.
Schnittger, L., Yin, H., Jianxun, L., Ludwig, W., Shayan, P., Rahbari, S., VossHoltmann, A., Ahmed, J.S. (2000) Ribosomal small-subunit RNA gene-sequence analysis of
Theileria lestoquardi and a Theileria species highly pathogenic for small ruminants in China.
Parasitol. Res. 86, 352-358
227.
Ward-Rainey, N.L., Rainey, F., Ludwig, W. and Stackebrandt, E. (2000) Comparative
phylogenetic analysis of members of the order Planctomycetales and the division
Verucomicrobia: 23S rDNA sequence analysis supports the 16S rDNA-derived phylogeny. Int.
J. Syst. Evol. Bacteriol. 50, 1965-1972
228.
Fuchs, B., Syutsubo, K., Ludwig, W. and Amann, R.. (2001) In situ accessibility of
Escherichia coli 23S rRNA to fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide probes. Appl. Environ.
Microbiol. 67, 961-968
229.
Zwirglmaier, K., Wassill, L., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (2001) Subtraction
hybridization in micro plates: an improved method to generate strain-specific primers. Syst.
Appl. Micribiol. 24, 108-116
230.
Grimm, D., Ludwig, W., Brandt, B.C., Michel, R., Schleifer, K.H., Hacker, J. and
Steinert, M.(2001) Development of 18S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes for specific
detection of Hartmanella and Naegleria in Legionella-positive environmental samples.Syst.
Appl. Microbiol. 24, 76-82
231.
Frahm, E., Heiber, I., Ludwig, W. and Obst, U. (2001) Rapid parallel detection of
hygienically relevant microorganisms in water samples by PCR and specific hybridization in
microtiter plates. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 24, 423-430
232.
Zimmermann, J., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (2001) DNA polynucleotide probes
generated from representatives of the genus Acinetobacter and their application in
fluorescence in situ hybridization of environmental samples. Syst. Apppl. Microbiol. 24, 238 –
244
233.
Macian, M.C., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Pujalte, M.J. and Garay, E. (2001) Vibrio
agarivorans sp nov., a novel agarolytic marine bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Bacteriol. 51, 20312036
234.
Schnittger, L., Hong, Y., Jianxun, L., Ludwig, W., Shayan, P., Rahbari, S., VossHoltmann, A. and Ahmed, J.S. (2001) Phylogenetic analysis by rRNA comparison of the highly
pathogenic sheep-infecting parasites Theileria lestoquardi and a Theileria species identified in
China. Trop. Vet. Dis. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 916, 271-275
235.
Macian, M.C., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Garay, E. and Pujalte, M.J. (2001)
Thalassomonas viridans gen. nov., sp nov., a novel marine gamma-proteobacterium. Int. J.
Syst. Evol. Bacteriol. 51, 1283-1289
236.
Arahal ,D.R., Garcia, M.T., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Ventosa, A. (2001)
Transfer of Halomonas canadensis and Halomonas israelensis to the genus
Chromohalobacter as Chromohalobacter canadensis comb. nov and Chromohalobacter
israelensis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Bacteriol. 51, 1443-1448
237.
Macian, M.C., Ludwig, W., Aznar, R., Grimont, P.A.D., Schleifer, K.H., Garay, E. and
Pujalte, M.J. (2001) Vibrio lentus sp nov., isolated from Mediterranean oysters. Int. J. Syst.
Evol. Bacteriol. 51, 1449-1456
238.
Schweitzer, B., Huber, I., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., and Simon, M. (2001) Alpha- and
beta-proteobacteria control consumption and release of amino acids on lake snow aggregates.
Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67, 632-645
239.
Denger, K., Warthmann, R., Ludwig, W., and Schink, B. (2002) Anaerophaga
thermohalophila gen. nov., sp nov., a moderately thermohalophilic, strictly anaerobic
fermentative bacterium. Int J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 52, 173-178
240.
Ludwig, W. and Klenk, H.P. (2001) Overview: a phylogenetic backbone and taxonomic
framework for Prokaryotic systematics. In: G.M. Garrity (ed.) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic
Bacteriology, Vol. 1, pp. 49- 66.
241.
Brune, A., Evers, S., Kaim, G., Ludwig, W. and Schink, B. (2002) Ilyobacter insuetus
sp. nov., a fermentative bacterium specialized in the degradation of hydroaromatic
comnpounds. Int J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 52, 429-432
242.
Ludwig, W. (2002) Ribosomale Ribonukleinsäuren als Grundlage für die molekulare
Identifizierung der Mikroorganismen. In: Rundgespräche der Kommission für Ökologie, Bd. 23
„Bedeutung der Mikroorganismen für die Umwelt“, pp. 17-29
243.
Fried, J., Ludwig, W., Psenner, R. and Schleifer, K.H. (2002) Improvement of ciliate
identification and quantification: a new protocol for fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in
combination with silver stain techniques. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 25, 555-571
244.
Arahal, D.R., Castillo, A.M., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Ventosa, A. (2002)
Proposal of Cobetia marina gen. nov., comb. nov., within the family Halomonadaceae, to
include the species Halomonas marina. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 25, 207-211
245.
Liebl, W., Kloos, W.E. and Ludwig, W. (2002) Plasmid-borne macrolide resistance in
Micrococcus luteus. Microbiology, 148, 2479-2487
246.
Yassin, A.F., Steiner, U. and Ludwig, W. (2002) Corynebacterium aurimucosum sp nov
and emended description of Corynebacterium minutissimum Collins and Jones (1983) Int. J.
Syst. Evol. Bacteriol. 52, 1001-1005
247.
Yassin, A.F., Steiner, U. and Ludwig, W. (2002) Corynebacterium appendicis sp nov.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Bacteriol. 52, 1156-1169
248.
Macian, M.C., Pujalte, M.J., Marquez, M.C., Ludwig, W., Ventosa, A., Garay, E. and
Schleifer, K.H. (2002) Gelidibacter mesophilus sp nov., a novel marine bacterium in the family
Flavobacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Bacteriol. 52, 1325-1329
249.
Brune, A., Ludwig, W. and Schink, B. (2002) Propionivibrio limicola sp nov., a
fermentative bacterium specialized in the degradation of hydroaromatic compounds,
reclassification of Propionibacter pelophilus as Propionivibrio pelophilus comb. nov and
amended description of the genus Propionivibrio. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Bacteriol. 52, 441-444
250.
Arahal, D.R., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Ventosa, A. (2002) Phylogeny of the
family Halomonadaceae based on 23S and 16S rDNA sequence analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol.
Bacteriol. 52, 241-249
251.
Glöckner, F.O., Kube, M., Bauer, M., Teeling, H., Lombardot, T., Ludwig, W., Gade,
D., Beck, A., Borzym, K., Heitmann, K., Rabus, R., Schlesner, H., Amann, R. and Reinhardt,
R. (2003) Complete genome sequence of the marine planctomycete Pirellula sp strain 1. Proc.
Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100, 8298-8303
252.
Yassin, A.F., Kroppenstedt, R.M. and Ludwig, W. (2003) Corynebacterium glaucum sp
nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Bacteriol. 53, 705-709
253.
Krockel, L., Schillinger, U., Franz, C.M.A.P., Bantleon, A. and Ludwig, W. (2003)
Lactobacillus versmoldensis sp nov., isolated from raw fermented sausage. Int. J. Syst. Evol.
Bacteriol. 53, 513-517
254.
Boga, H.I., Ludwig, W., and Brune, A. (2003) Sporomusa aerivorans sp nov., an
oxygen-reducing homoacetogenic bacterium from the gut of a soil-feeding termite. Int. J. Syst.
Evol. Bacteriol. 53, 1397-1404
255.
Hagn, A, Pritsch, K, Ludwig, W, and Schloter, M. (2003) Theoretical and practical
approaches to evaluate suitable primer sets for the analysis of soil fungal communities. Acta
Biotechnol. 23, 373-381
256.
Zwirglmaier, K, Ludwig, W, Schleifer, KH (2003) Improved fluorescence in situ
hybridzation of individual microbial cells using polynucleotide probes: the network hypothesis.
Syst Appl. Microbiol. 26, 327-337
257.
Lang, E., Kroppenstedt, R.M., Swiderski, J., Schumann, P., Ludwig, W., Schmid, A.,
and Weiss, N. (2003) Emended description of Janibacter terrae, including ten dibenzofurandegrading strains and Janibacter brevis as its later heterotypic synonym. Int. J. Syst. Evol.
Bacteriol. 53, 1999-2005
258.
Zwirglmaier, K., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.H. (2004) Improved Method for
Polynucleotide Probe-Based Cell Sorting, Using DNA-Coated Microplates. Appl. Envirion.
Microbiol. 70, 494-497
259.
Zwirglmaier, K., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. (2004) Recognition of individual genes in a
single bacterial cell by fluorescence in situ hybridization -RING-FISH. Mol. Microbiol. 51, 89-96
260.
Ludwig, W., Strunk, O., Westram, R., Richter, L., Meier, H., Yadhukumar, Buchner,
A., Lai, T., Steppi, S., Jobb, G., Förster, W., Brettske, I., Gerber, S., Ginhart, A.W., Gross, O.,
Grumann, S., Hermann, S., Jost, R., König, A., Liss, T., Lüßmann, R., May, M., Nonhoff, B.,
Reichel, B., Strehlow, R., Stamatakis, A., Stuckmann, N., Vilbig, A., Lenke, M., Ludwig, T.,
Bode, A., and Schleifer, K.H. (2004) ARB: a software environment for sequence data. Nucleic
Acids Res. 32, 1363-1371
261.
Teeling, H., Lombardot, T., Bauer, M., Ludwig, W., and Glöckner, F.O. (2004)
Evaluation of the phylogenetic position of the planctomycete “Rhodopirellula baltica” SH1 by
means of concatenated ribosomal protein sequences, DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit
sequences and whole genome trees. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 54, 791-801.
262.
Peplies, J., Glöckner, F.O., Amann, R., and Ludwig, W. (2004) Comparative sequence
analysis and oligonucleotide probe design based on 23S rRNA genes of Alphaproteobacteria
from North Sea bacterioplankton. System. Appl. Microbiol. 27, 573-580.
263.
Lee, N., Cellamare, C.M., Bastianutti, C., Rossello-Mora, R., Kaempfer, P., Ludwig,
W., Schleifer, K.H., and Stante, L. (2004) Emended description of the species Lampropedia
hyalina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 54, 1709-1715.
264.
Mehlen, A., Goeldner, M., Ried, S., Stindl, S., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.H. (2004)
Development of a fast DNA-DNA hybridization method based on melting profiles in
microplates. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 27, 689-695.
265.
Zimmermann, J., Gonzalez, J.M., Saiz-Jimenez, C., and Ludwig, W. (2005) Detection
and phylogenetic relationships of highly diverse uncultured acidobacterial communities in
altamira cave using 23S rRNA sequence analyses. Geomicrobiol. J. 22, 379-388.
266.
Hoffmann, H., Stindl, S., Ludwig, W., Stumpf, A., Mehlen, A., Monget, D., Pierard, D.,
Ziesing, S., Heesemann, J., Roggenkamp, A., and Schleifer, K.H. (2005) Enterobacter
hormaechei subsp oharae subsp nov., E-hormaechei subsp hormaechei comb. nov., and Ehormaechei subsp steigerwaltii subsp nov., three new subspecies of clinical importance. J.
Clin. Microbiol. 43, 3297-3303.
267.
Lehner, A., Loy, A., Behr, T., Gaenge, H., Ludwig, W., Wagner, M., and Schleifer,
K.H. (2005) Oligonucleotide microarray for identification of Enterococcus species. FEMS
Microbiol. Lett. 246, 133-142.
268.
Hoffmann, H., Stindl, S., Ludwig, W., Stumpf A, Mehlen A, Heesemann J, Monget D,
Schleifer KH, Roggenkamp A (2005) Reassignment of Enterobacter dissolvens to
Enterobacter cloacae as E-cloacae subspecies dissolvens comb. nov and emended
description of Enterobacter asburiae and Enterobacter kobei. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 28, 196205.
269.
Kumar, Y., Westram, R., Behrens, S., Fuchs, B., Glöckner, F.O., Amann, R., and
Ludwig, W. (2005) Graphical representation of ribosomal RNA probe accessibility data using
ARB software package. BMC Bioinformatics 6, 61-70.
270.
Pujalte, M.J., Macian, M.C., Arahal, D.R., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., and Garay, E.
(2005) Nereida ignava gen. nov., sp nov., a novel aerobic marine alpha-proteobacterium that is
closely related to uncultured Prionitis (alga) gall symbionts Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 28, 196-205.
271.
Macian, M.C., Arahal, D.R., Garay, E., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., and Pujalte, M.J.
(2005) Jannaschia rubra sp nov., a red-pigmented bacterium isolated from sea water. Int. J.
Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55, 649-653.
272.
Macian, M.C., Arahal, D.R., Garay, E., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., and Pujalte, M.J.
(2005) Thalassobacter stenotrophicus gen. nov., sp nov., a novel marine alphaproteobacterium isolated from Mediterranean sea water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55, 105110.
273.
Zwirglmaier, K., Fichtl, K., and Ludwig, W. (2005) In situ functional gene analysis:
recognition of individual genes by fluorescence in situ hybridization. In: J.R. Leadbetter (ed.)
Methods in Ezymology, Vol. 397, pp. 338-351.
274.
Ludwig, W. (2005) Bioinformatics and web resources for the microbial ecologist. In: M.
Osborn (ed.) Molecular Microbial Ecology. pp.345-371. Taylor and Francis, London.
275.
Ludwig, W. and Klenk, H.P. (2005) Overview: a phylogenetic backbone and taxonomic
framework for Prokaryotic systematics. In: G.M. Garrity, Bean, D.J., Krieg, N.R., Staley, J.T.
(eds.) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Vol. 2, The Proteobacteria. Part A
Introductory Essays. pp. 49- 65. Springer
276.
Ludwig, W and Schleifer, K.H. (2005) Molecular phylogeny of bacteria based on
comparative sequence analysis of conserved genes. In: J. Sapp (ed.) Microbial phylogeny and
evolution, concepts and controversies. pp.70-98. Oxford university press.
277.
Kumar, Y., Westram, R., Kipfer, P., Meier, H. and Ludwig, W. (2006) Evaluation of
sequence alignments and oligonucleotide probes with respect to three-dimensional structure of
ribosomal RNA using ARB software package. BMC Bioinformatics 7, 240.
278.
Bauer, A.P., Dieckmann, S.M., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.H. (2007) Rapid
identification of Escherichia coli safety and laboratory strain lineages based on Multiplex-PCR.
FEMS Microbiol. Let., 269, 36-40.
279.
Boga, H.I., Ji, R., Ludwig, W., and Brune, A. (2007) Sporotalea propionica gen. nov sp
nov., a hydrogen-oxidizing, oxygen-reducing, propionigenic firmicute from the intestinal tract of
a soil-feeding termite. Arch. Microbiol. 187, 15-27.
280.
Meisinger, D.B.. Zimmermann, J., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Wanner, G., Schmid,
M., Bennett, P.C., Engel, A.S., and Lee, N.M. 2007) In situ detection of novel Acidobacteria in
microbial mats from a chemolithoautotrophically based cave ecosystem (Lower Kane Cave,
WY, USA). Environ. Microbiol. 9, 1523-1534.
281.
Pilhofer, M., Rosati, G., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., and Petroni, G. (2007)
Coexistence of tubulins and ftsZ in different Prosthecobacter species. J. Eukar. Microbiol. 54,
1439-1442.
282.
Weber, S.D., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Fried, J. (2007) Microbial composition
and structure of aerobic granular sewage biofilms. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73, 6233-6240.
283.
Ludwig, W. (2007) Nucleic acid techniques in bacterial systematics and identification.
Int. J. Food Microbiol. 120, 225-236.
284.
Pilhofer, M., Bauer, A.P., Schrallhammer, M., Richter, L., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H.,
and Petroni, G. (2007) Characterization of bacterial operons consisting of two tubulins and a
kinesin-like gene by the novel Two-Step Gene Walking method. Nucleic Acids Res. 35, e134.
285.
Pruesse, E., Quast, C., Knittel, K. Fuchs, B.M., Ludwig, W., Peplies, J., Glöckner, F.O.
(2007) SILVA: a comprehensive online resource for quality checked and aligned ribosomal
RNA sequence data compatible with ARB. Nucleic Acids Res. 35, 7188-7196.
286.
Vannini, C., Verni, F., Rosati, G., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., and Petroni, G. (2007)
Characterization of Euplotes harpa secondary prokaryotic symbionts. J. Eucar. Microbiol. 54,
30S.
287.
Pilhofer, M., Rappl, K., Eckl, C., Bauer, A.P., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., and Petroni,
G. (2008) Characterization and evolution of cell division and cell wall synthesis genes in the
bacterial phyla Verrucomicrobia, Lentisphaerae, Chlamydiae, and Planctomycetes and
phylogenetic comparison with rRNA genes. J. Bacteriol. 190, 3192-3202.
288.
Bauer, A.P., Ludwig, W., and Schleifer, K.H. (2008) A novel DNA microarray design for
accurate and straightforward identification of Escherichia coli safety and laboratory strains.
Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 31, 50-61.
289.
Yarza, P., Richter, M., Peplies, J., Euzeby, J., Amann, R., Schleifer, K.H., Ludwig, W.,
Glöckner, F.O. and Rossello-Mora, R.Y. (2008) The All-Species Living Tree project: A 16S
rRNA-based phylogenetic tree of all sequenced type strains. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 31, 241250.
290.
Peplies, J., Kottmann, R., Ludwig, W., and Glöckner, F.O. (2008) A standard operating
procedure for phylogenetic inference (SOPPI) using (rRNA) marker genes. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 31, 251-157.
291.
Amaral-Zettler, L., Peplies, J., Ramette, A., Fuchs, B., Ludwig, W. and Glöckner, F.O.
(2008) Proceedings of the international workshop on Ribosomal RNA technology, April 7-9,
2008, Bremen, Germany. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 31, 258- 268.
292.
Weber, S.D., Hofmann, A., Pilhofer, M., Wanner, G., Agerer, R., Ludwig, W., Schleifer,
K.H. and Fried, J. (2009) The diversity of fungi in aerobic sewage granules assessed by 18S
rRNA gene and ITS sequence analyses. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 68, 246-254.
293.
Pilhofer, M., Pavelkovic, M., Lee, N.M., Ludwig, W. and Schleifer, K.H. (2009)
Fluorescence in situ hybridization for intracellular localization of nifH mRNA. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 32, 186-192.
294.
Eschbach, E; Pfannkuchen, M; Schweikert, M, Drutschmann, D., Brümmer, F., Fokin,
S., Ludwig, W., and Görtz, H.D. (2009) Candidatus "Paraholospora nucleivisitans", an
intracellular bacterium in Paramecium sexaurelia shuttles between the cytoplasm and the
nucleus of its host. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 32, 490-500.
295.
Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and. Whitman, W.B. (2009) Taxonomic outline of the
phylum Firmicutes. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 3 (eds. P. de
Vos, GM. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F. Rainey, K.H.Schleifer, W.B. Whitman),
15-17, Springer, New York, 2009
296.
Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H., Whitman, W.B. (2009) Revised road map to the phylum
Firmicutes. In: (Whitman, W.B. ed.) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd edition.
Vol. 3. New York: Springer. p. 1-13.
297.
Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H. and Whitman, W.B. (2009) Order II Lactobacillales ord.
nov. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 3 (eds P. de Vos, GM.
Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F. Rainey, K.H.Schleifer, W.B. Whitman), 464,
Springer, New York, 2009
298.
Ludwig, W, Schleifer, K.H. and Whitman, W.B. (2009) Class Bacilli class. nov. In:
Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 3 (eds P. de Vos, GM. Garrity, D.
Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F. Rainey, K.H.Schleifer, W.B. Whitman), 19-20, Springer, New
York, 2009
299.
George, I.F., Liles, M.R., Hartmann, M., Ludwig, W., Goodman, R.M., Agathos, S.N.
(2009) Changes in soil Acidobacteria communities after 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene contamination.
FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 296, 159-166.
300.
Inacio, J., Ludwig, W., Spencer-Martins, I., and Fonseca, A. (2010) Assessment of
phylloplane yeasts on selected Mediterranean plants by FISH with group- and species-specific
oligonucleotide probes. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 71, 61-72.
301.
Tindall, B., Rossello-Mora, R., Busse, H. J., Ludwig, W., and Kämpfer, P. (2010) Notes
on the characterization of prokaryote strains for taxonomic purposes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Evol. 60, 249-266.
302.
Ludwig, W. (2010) Molecular Phylogeny of Microorganisms: Is rRNA Still a Useful
Marker? In: (A. Oren and R.T. Papke, eds.) Molecular Phylogeny of Microorganisms. Caister
Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-67-7, pp. 65-83.
303.
Yarza, P., Ludwig, W., Euzeby, J., Amann, R., Schleifer, KH., Glöckner, F.O. and
Rossello-Mora, R. (2010) Update of the All-Species Living Tree Project based on 16S and 23S
rRNA sequence analyses. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 33, 291-299.
304.
Vannini, C., Ferrantini, F., Schleifer, K.H., Ludwig, W., Verni, F., and Petroni, G. (2010)
"Candidatus Anadelfobacter veles" and "Candidatus Cyrtobacter comes," Two New
Rickettsiales Species Hosted by the Protist Ciliate Euplotes harpa (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea).
Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 76, 4047-4054.
305.
Westram, R., Bader, K., Prüsse, E., Kumar, Y., Meier, H., Glöckner, F.O., and Ludwig,
W. (2011) ARB; a software environment for sequence data. In: (F.J. de Bruijn, ed.) Handbook
of Molecular Microbial Ecology I: Metagenomics and Complementary Approaches. WileyBlackwell.
306.
Ludwig, W., Euzeby, J., and Whitman, W.B. (2011). Road map of the phyla
Bacteroidetes, Spirochaetes, Tenericutes (Mollicutes), Acidobacteria, Fibrobacteres,
Fusobacteria, Dictyoglomi, Gemmatimonadetes, Lentisphaerae, Verrucomicrobia, Chlamydiae,
and Planctomycetes. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 4 (eds N.R.
Krieg, J.T. Staley, D.R. Brown, B.P. Hedlund, B.J. Paster, N.L. Ward, W. Ludwig, W.B.
Whitman), 1-20, Springer, New York
307.
Ludwig, W., Euzeby, J., and Whitman, W.B. (2011). Taxonomic outline of the phyla
Bacteroidetes, Spirochaetes, Tenericutes (Mollicutes), Acidobacteria, Fibrobacteres,
Fusobacteria, Dictyoglomi, Gemmatimonadetes, Lentisphaerae, Verrucomicrobia, Chlamydiae,
and Planctomycetes. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 4 (eds N.R.
Krieg, J.T. Staley, D.R. Brown, B.P. Hedlund, B.J. Paster, N.L. Ward, W. Ludwig, W.B.
Whitman), 21-24, Springer, New York
308.
Eder, W., Wanner, G., Ludwig, W., Busse, H.J., Ziemke-Kageler, F., and Lang, E.
(2011) Description of Undibacterium oligocarboniphilum sp. nov., isolated from purified water,
and Undibacterium pigrum strain CCUG 49012 as the type strain of Undibacterium parvum sp.
nov., and emended descriptions of the genus Undibacterium and the species Undibacterium
pigrum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 61, 384-391
309.
Yilmaz, P.; Kottmann, R., Field, D., Knight, R., Cole, J.R., Amaral-Zettler, L., Gilbert,
J.A., Karsch-Mizrachi, I., Johnston, A., Cochrane, G., Vaughan, R., Hunter, C., Park, J.,
Morrison, N., Rocca-Serra, P., Sterk, P., Arumugam, M., Bailey, M., Baumgartner, L., Birren,
B.W., Blaser, M., Bonazzi, V., Booth, T., Bork, P., Bushman, F.D., Buttigieg, P.L., Chain,
P.S.G., Charlson, E., Costello, E.K., Huot-Creasy, H., Dawyndt, P., DeSantis, T., Fierer, N.,
Fuhrman, J.A., Gallery, R.E., Gevers, D., Gibbs, R.A., San Gi, I., Gonzalez, A., Gordon, J.I.,
Guralnick, R., Hankeln, W., Highlander, S., Hugenholtz, P., Jansson, J., Kau, A.L., Kelley,
S.T., Kennedy, J., Knights, D., Koren, O., Kuczynski, J., Kyrpides, N., Larsen, R., Lauber, C.L.,
Legg, T., Ley, R.E., Lozupone, C.A., Ludwig, W., Lyons, D., Maguire, E., Methé, B.A., Meyer,
F. , Muegge, B., Nakielny, S., Nelson, K.E., Nemergut, D., Neufeld, J.D., Newbold, L.K.,
Oliver, A.E., Pace, N.R., Palanisamy, G., Peplies, J., Petrosino, J., Proctor, L., Pruesse, E.,
Quast, C., Raes, J., Ratnasingham, S., Ravel, J., Relman, D.A., Assunta-Sansone, S.,
Schloss, P.D., Schriml, L., Sinha, R., Smith, M.I., Sodergren, E., Spor, A., Stombaugh, J.,
Tiedje, J.M., Ward, D.V., Weinstock, G.M., Wendel, D., White, O., Whiteley, A., Wilke, A.,
Wortman, J.R., Yatsunenko, T., and Glöckner, F.O. (2011) Minimum information about a
marker gene sequence (MIMARKS) and minimum information about any (x) sequence (MIxS)
specifications. Nature Biotechnology, 29, 415-420.
310.
Zimmermann, J., Portillo, M.C., Serrano, L., Ludwig, W., and Gonzales, J.M. (2011)
Acidobacteria in Freshwater Ponds at Doñana National Park, Spain. Microb. Ecol. DOI
10.1007/s00248-011-9988-3
311.
Munoz, R., Yarza, P., Ludwig, W., Euzeby, J., Amann, R., Schleifer, K.H., Glöckner,
F.O., Rossello-Mora, R. (2011) Release LTPs104 of the All-Species Living Tree. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 34, 169-170.
312.
Ludwig, W., Glöckner, F.O., and Yilmaz, P. (2012) The use of rRNA gene sequence
data in the classification and identification of prokaryotes. In: Taxonomy of Prokaryotes (eds F.
Rainey, A. Oren), 349-384, Elsevier, Amsterdam
313.
Ludwig, W., Euzeby, J., Schumann, P., Busse, H.J., Trujillo, M.E., Kämpfer, P.J., and
Whitman, W.B. (2012). Road map of the phylum Actinobacteria. In: Bergey’s Manual of
Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 5, Part A (eds M. Goodfellow, P. Kämpfer, H.J. Busse,
M.E. Trujillo, K.I. Suzuki, W.B. Whitman), 1-28, Springer, New York
314.
Ludwig, W., Euzeby J., and Whitman, W.B. (2012). Taxonomic outline of the phylum
Actinobacteria. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 5, Part A (eds M.
Goodfellow, P. Kämpfer, H.J. Busse, M.E. Trujillo, K.I. Suzuki, W.B. Whitman), 29-31,
Springer, New York
315.
Ludwig, W., Euzeby J., and Whitman, W.B. (2012). Class IV. Nitrilituptoria class. nov.
In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 5, Part B (eds M. Goodfellow, P.
Kämpfer, H.J. Busse, M.E. Trujillo, K.I. Suzuki, W.B. Whitman), 2000, Springer, New York
316.
Gulitz, A., Stadie, J., Ehrmann, M.A., Ludwig, W., and Vogel, R.F. (2013) Comparative
phylobiomic analysis of the bacterial community of water kefir by 16S rRNA gene Amplicon
sequencing and ARDRA analysis. J. Appl. Microbiol. 114, 1082-1091.
317.
Yarza, P., Sproer, C., Swiderski, J., Mrotzek, N., Spring, S., Tindall, B.J., Gronow, S.,
Pukall, R., Klenk, H.P., Lang, E., Verbarg, S., Crouch, A., Lilburn, T., Beck, B., Unosson, C.,
Cardew, S., Moore, E.R.B., Gomila, M., Nakagawa, Y., Janssens, D., De Vos, P., Peiren, J.,
Suttels, T., Clermont, D., Bizet, C., Sakamoto, M., Iida, T., Kudo, T., Kosako, Y., Oshida, Y.,
Ohkuma, M., Arahal, D.R., Spieck, E., Roeser, A.P., Figge, M., Park, D., Buchanan, P.,
Cifuentes, A., Munoz, R., Euzeby, J.P. Schleifer, K.H., Ludwig, W., Amann, R., Glöckner, F.O.,
Rossello-Mora, R. (2013) Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the
16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl.
Microbiol. 36, 69-73.
318.
Yilmaz, P., Wegener Parfrey, L., Yarza, P., Gerken, J., Pruesse, E., Quast, C.,
Schweer, T., Peplies, J., Ludwig, W., Glöckner, F.O. (2014) The SILVA and ‘‘All-species
Living Tree Project (LTP)’’ taxonomic frameworks.Nucleic Acids Res., 42, D643–D648.
319.
Kurka, H., Ehrenreich, A., Ludwig, W., Monot, M., Rupnik, M., Barbut, F., Indra, A.,
Dupuy, B., Liebl, W. (2014) Sequence Similarity of Clostridium difficile Strains by Analysis of
Conserved Genes and Genome Content Is Reflected by Their Ribotype Affiliation. PLOS ONE.
9, e86535.
320.
Spieck, E., Keuter, S., Wenzel, T., Bock, E., Ludwig, W. (2014) Characterization of a
new marine nitrite oxidizing bacterium, Nitrospina watsonii sp. nov., a member of the newly
proposed phylum Nitrospinae”. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 37, 170-176.
Yarza, P., Yilmaz, P., Pruesse, E., Glöckner, F.O., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H.,
Whitman, W.B., Euzéby, J., Amann, R., Rosselló-Móra, R. (2014) Uniting the classification
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of cultured and uncultured bacteria and archaea using 16S rRNA gene sequences. Nature Rev
Microbiol. 12, 635-645.

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